Yixing teapot marks and their identification Identification of teapot marks is outside the scope of this site. Yixing teapots and other Yixing wares are mentioned this site due to many queries, but please understand that an identification of Yixing marks is not possible at this time. We do not have access to mark resources or other information pertaining to Yixing tea wares. Yixing teapots are basically earthenware, not porcelain, and their production methods are been quite different from other ceramics. With Yixing wares it is often difficult to evaluate age by their appearance alone; age signs are seldom obvious. Even experienced collectors of Chinese ceramics do not necessarily have the ability to identify them, and the properties of the unglazed clay used makes it difficult to recognize age or compare it to porcelain. A vintage teapot can look the same in age as one handed down from the Qing dynasty, depending on usage, etc.
Gong Fu Cha – The Complete Guide To Making Chinese Tea – By Daniel Lui
Now, most yixing pots you see these days have a seal imprint on the bottom like this They are most typically four words constructions, although sometimes you might have six or even other arrangements. The reading order for the characters is top right, bottom right, top left, bottom left. There are exceptions to this, but the order above is easily the most common. Hui Mengchen is the name of a famous potter in the Qing dynasty, and for some reason or another, his name is often used for pots.
Pots with those seals, such as this one are not trying to masquerade as Qing pots.
Oct 08, · Cleaning vintage pewter tea pot with vinegar, olive oil and Coke-a-Cola POV – Duration: Dr. Addicott 18, views.
These excavated teapots and tea wares prove that, from the late Ming Dynasty to the middle Qing dynasty, China was a peace loving, thriving trading nation with a global soft power in tea culture of which Yixing Teapot was an important part and also a new creation at that time. Old Yixing teapots or Zisha hus, as the Chinese like to call it, were made by old potters, some whose skills in potting can reached levels that can produced the most exquisite of teapots in the world.
And more extraordinary is the fact that old Yixing teapots were made for drinking tea with health benefits and longevity in mind. But sadly, this great Chinese invention is under attack from fakers and fraudsters: The main causes of this unstoppable fake Yixing teapot proliferation are due to the absence of scientific authentication and the lack of archaeological excavations.
That bleak future changed when Ren Fu Collection appeared on the scene. During both exhibitions, we encountered comments or were asked questions like: In a chaotic Zisha hu world where more and more fake pots are found in books, on-line, exhibitions, auctions and museums, archaeological excavations are gold mines. This website is unprecedented in that it completely do away with the lengthy cultural, artistic, historical or other academic aspects of Old Yixing teapots.
It only concentrates on two aspects of old Zisha hu, namely, exact dating and what old Yixing teapots look like compared to fake Yixing teapots. To that effect, the website will not endeavor to do anything else which we wisely think should be left to those better honed on the other areas of the subject.
Delft Red Stoneware Teapots
The Ming dynasty — While northern traditions of Cizhou and Jun ware continued to decline, pottery production in the south expanded. It was chiefly centred on Jingdezhen , an ideal site because of the abundance of minerals used for porcelain manufacture—kaolin china clay and petuntse china stone —ample wood fuel, and good communications by water. Most of the celadon , however, was still produced in Zhejiang , notably at Longchuan and Chuzhou, whose Ming products are more heavily potted than those of the Song and Yuan and are decorated with incised and molded designs under a sea-green glaze.
In the Yongle period —24 the practice began of putting the reign mark on the base see below marks and decoration in Chinese pottery.
May 04, · Nowadays, native people of Chaoshan called(sp) Yixing teapots as “shaguan” (clay teapots), and locally made Chaoshan teapots as “Tuguan” (Native teapots) or:”Shuaguan” (descriptions of the characteristics of the glaze).
Chinese alcoholic rice wine containers. Alcoholic beverage and the process of fermentation: The earliest archaeological evidence of fermentation and the consumption of alcoholic beverages was discovered in neolithic China dating from — BC. Examination and analysis of ancient pottery jars from the neolithic village of Jiahu in Henan province in northern China revealed fermented residue left behind by the alcoholic beverages they once contained.
According to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , chemical analysis of the residue revealed that the fermented drink was made from fruit, rice and honey. The use of bamboo in Neolithic China is well established as the Chinese were among the first civilizations to employ the use of bamboo.
Chinese poets extolled this plant and Chinese painters cherished the plant’s beauty and grace through paintings across various Chinese dynasties. Clapper-bells made of pottery have been found in several archaeological sites. With the emergence of other kinds of bells during the Shang Dynasty c. The earliest evidence of wooden coffin remains, dated at BC, was found in the Tomb 4 at Beishouling, Shaanxi. Clear evidence of a wooden coffin in the form of a rectangular shape was found in Tomb in an early Banpo site.
Seals and Incripstions on Yixing pots
Video about who invented the teapot: Tea Pots Aka Teapots Who invented the teapot Written evidence of a teapot appears in the Yuan Dynasty text Jiyuan Conghua, which describes a teapot that the author, Cai Shizhan, bought from the scholar Sun Daoming. An alternative theory is that the original shape may have come from Islamic coffee pots.
Chinese Handmade Yixing Zisha Teapot Zini Lettering Longquan Teapot ml Mark： Bottom China YiXing (中国宜兴). ——The collection: “YiXing teapots” collection has master teapots,old teapots,potential new artists teapots and old 1st factory teapots. dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced near Yixing in.
History From the Yixing region of China, in the Jiangsu province, these teapots possess an astonishing history dating back to the Song Dynasty when purple clay was first discovered. Yixing teapots flourished and matured in the late Ming and Qing Dynasties when the British and Dutch explorers shipped various teapots to the West. The Yixing teapot has maintained its unique reputation for over years in both China and abroad.
Craft Artisans creating Yixing teapots must serve a long apprenticeship under the guidance of established masters. They receive vigorous training in all aspects of crafts before mastering their techniques. Artisans utilize purple clay containing natural minerals to create beautiful products of various forms. All Yixing teapots are handmade by a single artist, with the seal of the artisan on the bottom of the pot, making each one unique.
Yixing pots are unglazed and no chemicals or other additives are added to the clay during their production.
Mar 22nd, ’08, I would like to talk my opinion into it, hope it can add some to this thread. One consideration about yixing teapot is absorptiveness I think, which characterize a yixing clay along with thermal conductivity. Absorptivenss however differs by some factors, here I would like to address them 1 clay It affects by natural size of particle and size of filtering hole usually 30 to 60 holes of a sieve. Talking former, good clays are rather smooth small from original ore like Luni, Hongni, Zhuni or Di Cao Qing just my opinion.
Yixing clay teapot or Zisha pot (which literally means purple sand pot) is considered a precious piece of traditional Chinese tea art with a history of more than 2, years. Yixing clay is baked at a lower temperature than porcelain.
The core of the museum’s collection was donated by the connoisseur Dr K. Lo and comprises about tea ware items and other related vessels dating from the Western Zhou 11th century BC BC to the twentieth century. Half of the collection is made up of porcelain tea ware, including tea bowls, teacups, teapots and ewers, while the other half features Yixing tea ware, sculptures and objects intended for a scholar’s studio and dating from the Ming dynasty to the present day.
In addition, a small number of Japanese and European pieces are on display to highlight the impact that Chinese tea ware had on developments in other countries. In , the K. Lo Foundation generously donated 25 Chinese ceramics and over stone seals to the Urban Council in Hong Kong, and an extension to the Flagstaff House Museum of Tea Ware was constructed to house this valuable addition. Lo Gallery, the new wing opened on 14 December and now showcases the finest items of the K.
The two-storey museum building also has a teahouse located on the ground floor, which serves Chinese tea and demonstrates the art of brewing.
Epcot World Showcase – China
They imported wares, such as porcelain, tea and the famous red stoneware teapots. Red clays exist plentifully nearly everywhere in the world, but it was in the Yixing region, north of Shanghai, where since the Sung dynasty a red clay with a high kaolin content had been used with particular succes for the making of teapots. The small pots would be used as infusion pots trekpotjes , and once poured into the cup, the strong tea would be diluted with water from a larger kettle on a brazier.
Immediately the VOC began including tea in its cargoes to the Netherlands, and by , its private trade in the commodity had reached such dimensions that they decided to establish a monopoly on the tea trade with Europe, and the importation of Yixing red stoneware teapots was a natural corollary.
Welcome! Yixing clay teapots are made from Yixing clay. This traditional style commonly used to brew tea originated in China, dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced in the region of the town of Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu.
Vintage Mirro Teapot Once the site has been successfully excavated, researchers painstakingly search for the kilns where the old pottery was made. By comparing the kilns wasters with their artifacts, the researchers are able to precisely identify where the recovered items were made hundreds of years earlier.
The national Museum of Malaysia is given all of the unique and single artifacts along with thirty percent of all the other recovered items. Nanhai Marine Archaeology is then permitted to sell their portion of the recovery in order to finance future projects. Many International Museums have displays of their recovered pieces as reference material because of the authenticity and precise dating of the artifacts.
In addition, there are many books, reports and catalogs that substantiate their ongoing research and recoveries. This ancient pottery was usually fired in a basic open pit. Early earthenware pieces were simply formed on a wheel or made by rolling the clay into strings and laying them on top of one another to form the piece. Many of the earthenware pieces excavated from 14th to 16th century ship wrecks generally have remnants of food on them.
It is believed that the earthenware of this time was not made for export because of the limited number of pieces found. Underglaze Black Decorated Pottery from Cizhou in Northern China Motifs and designs were painted with black iron oxide and then covered with a clear permanent glaze that protected the decorations. The Under glaze method was popular from the 14th through 16th centuries in Vietnam and Thailand and is believed to have originated from Chinese potters.
Although black Under glaze pottery from that time is rare, pieces have been found on several shipwrecks including the Turiang, Longquzn, Singtai and Xuande. Collectors should be aware that there are many reproduction pieces made in Thailand that are often sold as genuine antiques.
How to Enjoy Tea in a Chinese Yixing Clay Teapot
Unlike wine drinkers who learn about vines and vintages, the tea-maker must make what they drink, which requires not just knowledge but skill in selecting and using their tools. With the information presented in this guide, one can progress quickly to an advanced stage of tea-making in this traditional and ancient art. When I first moved to North America from Hong Kong, local friends would invite me to their homes for tea.
Yixing-ware teapots come from the Yixing region located miles northwest of Shanghai. They possess an astonishing history dating back to the Ming Dynasty (). They flourished and matured in the late Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Email Copy Link Copied I’m a little teapot, short and stout. Here is my handle, here is my spout. Well, some teapots aren’t as little, or as stout, and some are quite expensive. Tea is the most consumed beverage in the world, besides water, so there’s no wonder teapots gained so much popularity. Some simply prefer to dip their teabags in their cup and save some time, while others see teapots as a fancy and elegant way of serving tea.
Making tea is the essential process that releases the taste and fragrance of tea leaves. However, the teapot itself must be the right size, and be made from the appropriate material as to match the type of tea and the number of persons being served.
About Pu-Erh Tea
I had literally browsed through hundreds of listings for Yixing teapots when finally I came across this boxed Yixing clay tea set simply described as a “Vintage Chinese Tea Set” and nothing more other than notes on its condition. Yixing clay teapots , also called “Zisha”, or Purple clay are made from Yixing clay. This traditional style of tea pot originated in China, dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced near Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu.
Yixing clay teapots, also called “Zisha”, or Purple clay are made from Yixing traditional style of tea pot originated in China, dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced near Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu.
Yixing clay teapots , also called “Zisha”, or Purple clay are made from Yixing clay. This traditional style of tea pot originated in China, dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced near Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu. Such teapots soon became popular with the scholarly class, and the fame of Yixing teapots began to spread. Hundreds of teapot shops line the edges of the town’s crowded streets and it is a popular tourist destination for many Chinese.
Having an interest in collecting Chinese Yixing Teapots, I decided to create this list of Yixing teapots marks since there appears to be none available elsewhere online. The list is an incomplete one, mostly since there are literally thousands of different marks spanning several centuries, and two, this list of Yixing makers marks will be a continued work in progress requiring much effort and research.
Most of the Yixing teapot maker’s marks listed are of specific potters, however, a few of them are shop names. Only the basic information is provided at this time as I have just begun preparing this page, which will become a very extensive list with detailed information. Hopefully the information given will be enough for you to research your Yixing teapot further.
List of Chinese inventions
Yixing Clay Teapot-Essence of Chinese Tea Art Yixing clay teapot or Zisha pot which literally means purple sand pot is considered a precious piece of traditional Chinese tea art with a history of more than 2, years. Yixing clay is baked at a lower temperature than porcelain. All of the teapots look much the same to untrained eyes – no more than 10 to 15 centimeters in height and diameter, of dark non-glossy surface, with a matching cap on top and mouth on the side.
The teapot absorbs a small amount of the tea as it brewed inside.
Oct 29, · Of course, teapots have a long history in China, but they’re still very sought after by collectors in China, Taiwan, HK, Malaysia, etc. While no one can say for sure, to me, the simplest explanation is that the pots are made new, and subsequently distressed.
This work is shown, in parts on the company’s photo page where they show some of their artefacts, videos and pictures. For the more affordable pieces , the company has established a web page called: In addition, it shall be mentioned that the company, due to its detailed and exhaustive research has established such degree of authenticity of their recovered artifacts that they are now displayed and used as dating reference by many international museums.
The company also maintain three other web sites that show different aspects if their work. Chinese pottery is excavated by ourselves and all the antiques and ceramics is fully researched by our own experts At Nanhai Marine Archaeology we excavated shipwreck artifacts, antique ceramics and antique Chinese porcelain, celadon, other Chinese porcelains and antique pottery from numbers of Ming dynasty shipwrecks.
Our shipwreck pottery, artifacts and other Ming porcelain and pottery are well researched.